Thursday, 20 November 2008

Shadows of former things

My apologies for neglecting the blog, it has been rather a hectic ten days. My day off last week, which is the day I usually write for the blog was taken up with a visit to Nottinghamshire with Gordon Plumb. We went to a couple of very fine churches. One of these was in the hamlet of Fledborough, which sits in the Trent flood plain. We went there ostensibly to see the remarkable collection of medieval stained glass that the church contains. More of that in later posts.

Fledborough, Nottinghamshire

Among the other interesting features that caught my eye in this building, are a number of elements that hint at the medieval liturgical arrangements of this church.

In the chancel are two interesting panels of sculpture built into the north chancel wall. The first of these is rather badly preserved, but it is fairly clear that it portrays Our Lord rising from the tomb, flanked by figures of angels swinging censers. In between the angels are wo floriated finials, so it would seem that this panel formed the top of composition including a couple of arched canopies.

Fledborough, Nottinghamshire

The second, better preserved panel, shows three knights, each set under and crocketed ogee arch. There are apparently fast asleep, one rests his head on his hands, another props himself up on his sword.

Fledborough, Nottinghamshire

These two panels probably formed part of the Easter Sepulchre, a piece of furniture which was used during the paschal Triduum in the English medieval liturgies. During high mass on Maundy Thursday two hosts were consecrated and one of these, along with a crucifix, were placed in the sepulchre, to simulate the burial of Christ. A watch was set on the sepulchre until Easter morning, when the host and crucifix were removed.

Quite a number of sculptured Easter Sepulchre's survive in Nottinghamshire and in Lincolnshire. They are fairly standard in form. The well-preserved sepulchre at Heckington in Lincolnshire is a good example. The bottom of the sepulchre was a sort of tomb chest, representing the tomb of Christ. The figures of the sleeping soldiers, representing the watch placed on the tomb oif Jesus, were placed against this chest. Above that was a superstructure, incorporating a niche in which the host and crucifix were placed. Above that was an elaborate canopy and within this was incorporated an image of the risen Christ.
A slightly different version of the sepulchre remains at Sibthorpe in Nottinghamshire, but the iconography is the same, figures of soldiers along the base and the risen Christ in the canopy.

So what we have at Fledborough is the front panel of the tomb chest and the top panel of the canopy. The rest of the sepulchre has gone.
In the north aisle at Fledborough, which dates from the second quarter of the fourteenth century, are the remains of the liturgical arrangements of a side altar.

Fledborough, Nottinghamshire

Fledborough, Nottinghamshire
The side altar was evidently placed against the east wall of the aisle. The centre light of the window behind is blocked to admit a tabernacle that formerly contained a devotional image. The image was supported on a bracket and sheltered by a rather lovely canopy. The blocked centre light appears to have been part of the original design of the window. The shadow of the image that formerly stood here, appears against the back of this tabernacle, and it was clearly a standing figure. On either side of the window are two more brackets for devotional images. The sill of the window is fairly low, so the window, its glass and the devotional images around and above it would have formed a very effective reredos.

Fledborough, Nottinghamshire
This chapel appears to have been a mortuary chapel, in the north wall is a burial niche with cross slab. Further down the aisle are a couple of medieval effigies, including this very striking early fourteenth century effigy of a woman. She holds her heart in her praying hands.

Fledborough, Nottinghamshire

4 comments:

Anonymous said...

I feel I should make a comment, as you said that "During high mass on Maundy Thursday two hosts were consecrated ..."

It would seem to me (in the Sarum Use) that THREE hosts are consecrated on Maundy Thursday, one to be consumed at that Mass, the second to be consumed at the Mass of the Presanctified and the third kept over to Easter morning, to be put in the hanging pyx above the high altar.

Two hosts are consecrated in the Roman Rite, because nothing remains after the Good Friday ceremony except one or two small hosts for the Viaticum kept in the sacristy. This would seem to be the cause of the confusion.

Keep up the good work.

Fr. Anthony

davis d'ambly said...

Alan, I'd be interested in knowing whether whether you're aware of any of the existing sepulchres that might still in use during the Triduum.

Roger Mortimer said...

So much to comment on that it's taken me until now to do it. Is the colouring of the Sibthorpe sepulchre original? Fascinating survivals at the East end of the Fledborough aisle. Fine funeral effigy - is there particular significance to the heart motif and is it used on other effigies?

Allan Barton said...

Roger. Re. Sibthorpe sepulchre. I don't know, but I suspect the colouring is later, the palette looks all wrong to me.

Davis. I don't know if any of the Easter Sepulchres that are used in this country, unlikely in Nottinghamshire and Lincolnshire, which are both middle-of-the-road dioceses.

Fr Anthony. Many thanks for the kinds words. You are quite right in saying that three hosts were consecrated on Maunday Thursday. My memory was serving me very ill when I was writing the piece.